Effect of nimesulide on acetic acid- and leukotriene-induced inflammatory bowel disease in rats.

Prostaglandins & other lipid mediators

PubMedID: 14518559

Singh VP, Patil CS, Jain NK, Singh A, Kulkarni SK. Effect of nimesulide on acetic acid- and leukotriene-induced inflammatory bowel disease in rats. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2003;71(3-4):163-75.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a relapsing inflammation of intestine, which is mediated by release of inflammatory mediators. Both cyclo-oxygenase product prostaglandin (PGE2) and lipo-oxygenase product leukotriene (LTB4), may contribute to the pathogenesis of the inflammatory response. Nimesulide, a preferential COX-2 inhibitor was evaluated for its efficacy against experimental colitis in two different models (acetic acid- and LTB4-induced IBD) in rats. Inflammatory response was induced by intrarectal single administration of acetic acid or LTB4. Nimesulide (9 and 18 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly prevented development of inflammatory changes, decreased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, and also restored the altered contractility response of the isolated colon segment to KCl. The results suggested the involvement of both cyclo-oxygenase (COX) and lipo-oxygenase-mediated proinflammatory agents in colonic inflammatory process associated with IBD. Further, this study suggests that such therapeutic interventions may be of value in the treatment of IBD.