Reconstitution of carotenoids into the light-harvesting complex B800-850 of Chromatium minutissimum.

Biochemistry. Biokhimiia

PubMedID: 12948391

Toropygina OA, Makhneva ZK, Moskalenko AA. Reconstitution of carotenoids into the light-harvesting complex B800-850 of Chromatium minutissimum. Biochemistry Mosc. 2003;68(8):901-11.
Chromatophores and peripheral light-harvesting complexes B800-850 with a trace of carotenoids were isolated from Chromatium minutissimum cells in which carotenoid biosynthesis was inhibited by diphenylamine. Three methods previously used for the reconstitution of carotenoids into either the light-harvesting (LH1) type complexes or reaction centers (RC) of carotenoidless mutants were examined for the possibility of carotenoid reconstitution into the carotenoid depleted chromatophores. All these methods were found to be unsuitable because carotenoid depleted complex B800-850 from Chr. minutissimum is characterized by high lability. We have developed a novel method maintaining the native structure of the complexes and allowing reconstitution of up to 80% of the carotenoids as compared to the control. The reconstituted complex has a similar CD spectrum in the carotenoid region as the control, and its structure restores its stability. These data give direct proof for the structural role of carotenoids in bacterial photosynthesis.