Interaction of a peptide from the receptor-binding domain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pili strain PAK with a cross-reactive antibody: changes in backbone dynamics induced by binding.

Biochemistry

PubMedID: 14503884

Campbell AP, Spyracopoulos L, Wong WY, Irvin RT, Sykes BD. Interaction of a peptide from the receptor-binding domain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pili strain PAK with a cross-reactive antibody: changes in backbone dynamics induced by binding. Biochemistry. 2003;42(38):11334-46.
The C-terminal receptor-binding region of Pseudomonas aeruginosa pilin protein strain PAK (residues 128-144) has been the target for the design of a vaccine effective against P. aeruginosa infections. We have recently cloned and expressed a (15)N-labeled PAK pilin peptide spanning residues 128-144 of the PAK pilin protein. The peptide exists as a major (trans) and minor (cis) species in solution, arising from isomerization around a central Ile(138)-Pro(139) peptide bond. The trans isomer adopts two well-defined turns in solution, a type I beta-turn spanning Asp(134)-Glu-Gln-Phe(137) and a type II beta-turn spanning Pro(139)-Lys-Gly-Cys(142). The cis isomer adopts only one well-defined type II beta-turn spanning Pro(139)-Lys-Gly-Cys(142) but displays evidence of a less ordered turn spanning Asp(132)-Gln-Asp-Glu(135). These turns have been implicated in cross-reactive antibody recognition. (15)N NMR relaxation experiments of the (15)N-labeled recombinant PAK pilin peptide in complex with an Fab fragment of a cross-reactive monoclonal antibody, PAK-13, raised against the intact PAK pilus, were performed in order to probe for changes in the mobilities and dynamics of the peptide backbone as a result of antibody binding. The major results of these studies are as follows: binding of Fab leads to the preferential ordering of the first turn over the second turn in each isomer, binding of Fab partially stabilizes peptide backbone regions undergoing slow (microsecond to millisecond) exchange-related motions, and binding of Fab leads to a greater loss in backbone conformational entropy at pH 7.2 versus pH 4.5. The biological implications of these results will be discussed in relation to the role that fast and slow backbone motions play in PAK pilin peptide immunogenicity and within the framework of developing a pilin peptide vaccine capable of conferring broad immunity across P. aeruginosa strains.