Aggregation and fluorescence quenching of chlorophyll a of the light-harvesting complex II from spinach in vitro.

Biochimica et biophysica acta

PubMedID: 14507431

Kirchhoff H, Hinz HJ, Rösgen J. Aggregation and fluorescence quenching of chlorophyll a of the light-harvesting complex II from spinach in vitro. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003;1606(1-3):105-16.
The salt-induced aggregation of the light-harvesting complex (LHC) II isolated from spinach and its correlation with fluorescence quenching of chlorophyll a is reported. Two transitions with distinctly different properties were observed. One transition related to salt-induced fluorescence quenching takes place at low salt concentration and is dependent both on temperature and detergent concentration. This transition seems to be related to a change in the lateral microorganization of LHCII. The second transition occurs at higher salt concentration and involves aggregation. It is independent of temperature and of detergent at sub-cmc concentrations. During the latter transition the small LHCII sheets (approximately 100 nm in diameter) are stacked to form larger aggregates of approximately 3 microm diameter. Based on the comparison between the physical properties of the transition and theoretical models, direct and specific binding of cations can practically be ruled out as driving force for the aggregation. It seems that in vitro aggregation of LHCII is caused by a complex mixture of different effects such as dielectric and electrostatic properties of the solution and surface charges.