Stimulation of PAI-1 and adipokines by glucose in human adipose tissue in vitro.

Biochemical and biophysical research communications

PubMedID: 14550286

He G, Bruun JM, Lihn AS, Pedersen SB, Richelsen B. Stimulation of PAI-1 and adipokines by glucose in human adipose tissue in vitro. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;310(3):878-83.
Adipokines such as Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), interleukin (IL)-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha are elevated in patients with obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we investigated whether glucose affected the production of these adipokines in human adipose tissue in vitro. Glucose (up to 35mM) increased secretion of PAI-1 (p<0.01) and IL-8 (p<0.01), but not TNF-alpha, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Half-maximal stimulatory concentration of glucose was about 1mM. Glucosamine (5mM) decreased production of PAI-1 (p<0.05) and IL-8 (p<0.05), indicating that the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway is not involved in the glucose-induced increment in adipokine secretion. The present data demonstrate that glucose increases PAI-1 and IL-8 secretion. However, glucose concentrations above 5mM had no additional effects on adipokine secretion, suggesting that mechanisms other than diabetes/insulin resistance-related hyperglycemia may be involved in the observed elevation of these adipokines.