Lateral thrust of anterior cruciate ligament-insufficient knees and posterior cruciate ligament-insufficient knees.

International orthopaedics

PubMedID: 12378359

Yoshimura I, Naito M, Zhang J. Lateral thrust of anterior cruciate ligament-insufficient knees and posterior cruciate ligament-insufficient knees. Int Orthop. 2002;26(5):303-5.
Leaving anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) insufficiency and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) insufficiency untreated frequently leads to osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate dynamically the lateral thrust of ACL-insufficient knees and PCL-insufficient knees, and from the findings investigate the relationship between cruciate ligament insufficiency and OA occurrence. An acceleration sensor was attached to the affected and control anterior tibial tubercles, acting in medial-lateral and perpendicular directions. The lateral thrust immediately after heel strike was measured continuously by a telemeter under stabilised walking conditions. When compared to the contralateral healthy knee, the peak value of lateral acceleration immediately after heel strike was significantly larger in the ACL-insufficient knee; and lateral thrust was increased, but not significantly, in the PCL-insufficient knee. Given that lateral thrust of the knee during walking increases due to ACL or PCL injury, it may be a principal contributor to OA progression.