Naringin-sensitive phosphorylation of plectin, a cytoskeletal cross-linking protein, in isolated rat hepatocytes.

The Journal of biological chemistry

PubMedID: 12095991

Larsen AK, Møller MT, Blankson H, Samari HR, Holden L, Seglen PO. Naringin-sensitive phosphorylation of plectin, a cytoskeletal cross-linking protein, in isolated rat hepatocytes. J Biol Chem. 2002;277(38):34826-35.
To identify phosphoproteins that might play a role in naringin-sensitive hepatocellular cytoskeletal disruption and apoptosis induced by algal toxins, hepatocyte extracts were separated by gel electrophoresis and immunostained with a phosphothreonine-directed antibody. Use of dilute (5%) polyacrylamide gels containing 6 m urea allowed the resolution of one very large (approximately 500-kDa) okadaic acid- and naringin-sensitive phosphoprotein, identified by tryptic fingerprinting, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and immunostaining as the cytolinker protein, plectin. The naringin-sensitive phosphorylation induced by okadaic acid and microcystin-LR probably reflected inhibition of a type 2A protein phosphatase, whereas the naringin-resistant phosphorylation induced by calyculin A, tautomycin, and cantharidin probably involved a type 1 phosphatase. Okadaic acid caused a collapse of the plectin-immunostaining bile canalicular sheaths and the general cytoskeletal plectin network into numerous medium-sized plectin aggregates. Inhibitors of protein kinase C, cAMP-dependent protein kinase, or Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent kinase II had moderate or no protective effects on plectin network disruption, whereas naringin offered 86% protection. Okadaic acid induced a naringin-sensitive phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), the stress-activated protein kinases SEK1 and JNK, and S6 kinase. The AMPK-activating kinase (AMPKK) is likely to be the target of inhibition by naringin, the other kinases serving as downstream components of an AMPKK-initiated signaling pathway.