Inhibition of the inositol trisphosphate receptor of mouse eggs and A7r5 cells by KN-93 via a mechanism unrelated to Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II antagonism.

The Journal of biological chemistry

PubMedID: 12121980

Smyth JT, Abbott AL, Lee B, Sienaert I, Kasri NN, De Smedt H, Ducibella T, Missiaen L, Parys JB, Fissore RA. Inhibition of the inositol trisphosphate receptor of mouse eggs and A7r5 cells by KN-93 via a mechanism unrelated to Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II antagonism. J Biol Chem. 2002;277(38):35061-70.
KN-93, a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) inhibitor, concentration-dependently and reversibly inhibited inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP(3)R)-mediated [Ca(2+)](i) signaling in mouse eggs and permeabilized A7r5 smooth muscle cells, two cell types predominantly expressing type-1 IP(3)R (IP(3)R-1). KN-92, an inactive analog, was ineffective. The inhibitory action of KN-93 on Ca(2+) signaling depended neither on effects on IP(3) metabolism nor on the filling grade of Ca(2+) stores, suggesting a direct action on the IP(3)R. Inhibition was independent of CaMKII, since in identical conditions other CaMKII inhibitors (KN-62, peptide 281-309, and autocamtide-related inhibitory peptide) were ineffective and since CaMKII activation was precluded in permeabilized cells. Moreover, KN-93 was most effective in the absence of Ca(2+). Analysis of Ca(2+) release in A7r5 cells at varying [IP(3)], of IP(3)R-1 degradation in eggs, and of [(3)H]IP(3) binding in Sf9 microsomes all indicated that KN-93 did not affect IP(3) binding. Comparison of the inhibition of Ca(2+) release and of [(3)H]IP(3) binding by KN-93 and calmodulin (CaM), either separately or combined, was compatible with a specific interaction of KN-93 with a CaM-binding site on IP(3)R-1. This was also consistent with the much smaller effect of KN-93 in permeabilized 16HBE14o(-) cells that predominantly express type 3 IP(3)R, which lacks the high affinity CaM-binding site. These findings indicate that KN-93 inhibits IP(3)R-1 directly and may therefore be a useful tool in the study of IP(3)R functional regulation.