Cellular adaptation to hypoxia: O2-sensing protein hydroxylases, hypoxia-inducible transcription factors, and O2-regulated gene expression.

The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

PubMedID: 12153983

Wenger RH. Cellular adaptation to hypoxia: O2-sensing protein hydroxylases, hypoxia-inducible transcription factors, and O2-regulated gene expression. FASEB J. 2002;16(10):1151-62.
Although it was known for a long time that oxygen deprivation leads to the transcriptional induction of the gene encoding erythropoietin, the molecular mechanisms behind this process remained enigmatic. The cloning of the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), the finding that HIF-1 regulates the expression of many more genes apart from erythropoietin, and the elucidation of the oxygen-dependent mechanisms degrading the HIF alpha subunits recently led to the spectacular discovery of the molecular principles of oxygen sensing. This review aims to summarize our current knowledge of oxygen-regulated gene expression..