Alteration of pulmonary cytochrome p-450 system: effects of asphalt fume condensate exposure.

Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A

PubMedID: 12167208

Ma JY, Yang HM, Barger MW, Siegel PD, Zhong BZ, Kriech AJ, Castranova V. Alteration of pulmonary cytochrome p-450 system: effects of asphalt fume condensate exposure. J Toxicol Environ Health Part A. 2002;65(17):1247-60.
Exposure to asphalt fumes is a health concern due to the presence of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) in asphalt. Bioactivation of many PACs requires metabolism by the cytochrome P-450 (P-450) system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of exposure of rats to asphalt fume condensate (AFC), collected at the top of a paving asphalt storage tank, on the pulmonary microsomal P-450 system and to determine the genotoxic effects of such exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were intratracheally instilled with saline or with 0.45, 2.22, or 8.88 mg/kg AFC for 3 consecutive days and sacrificed the following day. Lung microsomes were isolated by differential centrifugation of lung homogenates. Microsomal protein level, NADPH cytochrome c reductase activity, and the activities and protein levels of cytochrome P-450 isozymes CYP1A1 and CYP2B1 were monitored to assess the effects of AFC exposure on pulmonary P-450. The activities of CYP2B1 and CYP1A1 were determined by monitoring xenobiotic metabolism of 7-pentoxyresorufin and 7-ethoxyresorufin, respectively. CYP2B1 and CYP1A1 levels were determined by immunochemical analysis. Micronucleus (MN) formation in bone-marrow polychromatic erythrocytes (PCEs) was determined to assess the genotoxic effects of AFC exposure. The results showed that exposure of rats to AFC did not significantly affect total cytochrome P-450 content or cytochrome c reductase activity in the lung. CYP2B1 levels and enzyme activity were not significantly affected by AFC exposure. In contrast, CYP1A1 levels and activity were significantly increased in microsomes isolated from AFC-exposed lungs. Increased MN formation was observed only in high-dose AFC-exposed bone marrow PCEs. These results demonstrate that AFC exposure induced CYP1A1 activity and increased the enzyme levels of CYP1A1 in lung microsomes, suggesting that AFC exposure may alter metabolism of PACs by the cytochrome P-450 system in the lung. Alteration of cytochrome P-450 metabolism of PACs may contribute to the AFC-induced genotoxic effects demonstrated as MN formation.