Active bicarbonate-dependent secretion evoked by 5-hydroxytryptamine in porcine ileal mucosa is mediated by opioid-sensitive enteric neurons.

European journal of pharmacology

PubMedID: 12231390

Green BT, Brown DR. Active bicarbonate-dependent secretion evoked by 5-hydroxytryptamine in porcine ileal mucosa is mediated by opioid-sensitive enteric neurons. Eur J Pharmacol. 2002;451(2):185-90.
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) mediates intestinal hypersecretion associated with infection and inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that 5-HT-induced anion secretion is mediated by an opioid-sensitive enteric neural circuit. 5-HT, at a contraluminal concentration of 10 microM, increased short-circuit current by 58 +/- 7 microA/cm(2) in sheets of porcine ileal mucosa with attached inner submucosal plexus. Responses to 5-HT were inhibited by saxitoxin or indomethacin, and reduced in tissues bathed in Cl(-)- or HCO(3)(-)-deficient media. 5-HT action was attenuated by saxitoxin in tissues bathed in Cl(-)-free media, but not HCO(3)-free media. The delta-opioid receptor agonist [D-Pen(2,5)]enkephalin (0.1 microM) blunted the 5-HT change in short-circuit current by a mechanism sensitive to the delta-opioid receptor antagonist naltrindole. The inhibitory actions of [D-Pen(2,5)]enkephalin and saxitoxin were not additive. These results suggest that 5-HT stimulates HCO(3)(-)-dependent ion transport through a mechanism involving prostanoids and an enteric neural pathway modulated by opioids.