The mechanism of AH receptor protein down-regulation (degradation) and its impact on AH receptor-mediated gene regulation.

Chemico-biological interactions

PubMedID: 12213384

Pollenz RS. The mechanism of AH receptor protein down-regulation (degradation) and its impact on AH receptor-mediated gene regulation. Chem Biol Interact. 2002;141(1-2):41-61.
The proteolytic degradation of transcription factors is an established mechanism of regulating signal transduction pathways. Recent reports have suggested that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) protein is rapidly downregulated (degraded) following ligand binding. The downregulation of AHR has been observed in nine distinct cells culture lines derived from human and rodent tissues and has also been observed in rodent models following exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The downregulation of AHR appears to be ubiquitin mediated and occurs via the 26S proteasome pathway following nuclear export of AHR. The consequence of blocking AHR degradation in cell culture appears to be an increase in both the magnitude and duration of gene regulation by the AHR.ARNT complex. Thus, the physiological role of AHR degradation may be to modulate AHR-mediated gene regulation. This review provides analysis of the studies that have focused on the degradation of AHR in vivo and in vitro and the hypothesis that the downregulation of AHR is critical in the attenuation of AHR-mediated gene regulation.