Characterization of VIP and PACAP receptors in cultured rat penis corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells and their interaction with guanylate cyclase-B receptors.

Regulatory peptides

PubMedID: 12220728

Guidone G, Müller D, Vogt K, Mukhopadhyay AK. Characterization of VIP and PACAP receptors in cultured rat penis corpus cavernosum smooth muscle cells and their interaction with guanylate cyclase-B receptors. Regul Pept. 2002;108(2-3):63-72.
Penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle relaxation can be induced by both cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP-elevating agents, but possible interactions between these two signalling pathways are still poorly understood. Using in vitro cultured rat penile corpus cavernosum smooth muscle (CCSM) cells, we have characterized the local expression and functional activities of receptors for the cAMP-elevating peptides, PACAP and VIP, and for the cGMP-elevating peptides, CNP and ANP. Stimulation of the cells with various concentrations of PACAP(-27/-38) or VIP resulted in rapid and dose-dependent increases in cyclic AMP levels. RT-PCR analyses revealed gene expression of PAC(1) and VPAC(2) but not of VPAC(1) receptors in the cells. The natriuretic peptide, CNP, and the nitric oxide donor, sodium nitroprusside, were capable of enhancing cyclic GMP formation, indicating the presence of membrane-associated in addition to soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) activities in these cells. Findings that cyclic GMP formation was preferentially activated by CNP but not by the related peptide, ANP, were consistent with RT-PCR analyses, demonstrating gene expression of the CNP receptor, GC-B, but not of the ANP receptor, GC-A, in these cells. Prior exposure of the cells to 10(-8) M PACAP resulted in a marked down-regulation of GC-B activity, whereas sGC was not affected. These findings provide functional and molecular evidence for the presence of three receptors, PAC(1), VPAC(2) and GC-B, involved in cyclic nucleotide signalling in penile CCSM cells. The observed cross-talk of the PACAP/VIP receptors with GC-B but not with sGC may have implications for the therapy of erectile dysfunction.