Skin-homing CLA+ T cells and regulatory CD25+ T cells represent major subsets of human peripheral blood memory T cells migrating in response to CCL1/I-309.

European journal of immunology

PubMedID: 12442333

Colantonio L, Iellem A, Sinigaglia F, D'Ambrosio D. Skin-homing CLA+ T cells and regulatory CD25+ T cells represent major subsets of human peripheral blood memory T cells migrating in response to CCL1/I-309. Eur J Immunol. 2002;32(12):3506-14.
Functionally distinct T cell subsets exhibit specific chemokine receptor profiles that regulate their tissue localization. Here, we show that human peripheral blood CD4(+) and CD8(+) cutaneous (CLA(+)), but not intestinal memory (integrin beta(7) (+)) nor IL-4-producing T cells, represent major subpopulations of circulating T cells that specifically migrate in response to the chemokine I-309/CCL1 by virtue of CCR8 expression. Expression of CCR8 is markedly up-regulated upon activation and in vitro culture of human CLA(+) T cells, suggesting the involvement of CCR8 in localization of cutaneous memory T cells to the skin. Interestingly, amongst circulating memory CD4(+)CD45RO(+) T cells, chemotactic responsiveness to CCL1 is restricted to cells expressing CD25 and/or CLA surface markers for regulatory T cells (Treg) and skin-homing T cells and maximal responsiveness is observed on CLA(+)CD25(+)T cells. Such pattern of CCL1 responsiveness suggests that the CCR8/CCL1 axis may regulate trafficking of cutaneous Treg and memory T cells into the skin.