A multiphase CFD model of DAF process.

Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research

PubMedID: 11394268

Ta CT, Beckley J, Eades A. A multiphase CFD model of DAF process. Water Sci Technol. 2001;43(8):153-7.
A Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase CFD model is employed for the air/water flow. A 3D structure grid is used to incorporate the air nozzle and tank geometry. The fixed frictionless wall boundary approximating the free surface acts as a sink to allow the air bubbles to escape. The air/water volume fraction in the flotation tank is evaluated to determine the effective air/water fluid density. The floc particle is then introduced and is tracked in the air/water fluid using a disperse Lagrangean model. Fate of these flocs depends on their sizes and density. Flocs therefore can either escape through the top water surface, settles in the main tank or breakthrough under the outlet weir. The CFD model is developed for a full scale DAF tank to predict the flow dynamic, particle removal and settled solid profile. The general flow pattern is compared with flow visualisation using the underwater camera. Comparison of average fluid velocities is carried out using acoustic Doppler velocimetry ADV measurement.