Establishment, morphological, growth and cytoskeletal properties of 135-BCA carcinoma cell line derived from lung brain metastasis.

Neoplasma

PubMedID: 11949841

Máciková I, Perzelová A, Mraz P, Steno J, Bízik I. Establishment, morphological, growth and cytoskeletal properties of 135-BCA carcinoma cell line derived from lung brain metastasis. Neoplasma. 2002;48(6):479-82.
Many cell lines have been established from lung cancer but carcinoma cell lines derived from brain metastases occur rarely. The carcinoma cells growth relatively slowly in comparison with brain cells which often overgrow the tumor cells in early passages. The origin of these rapidly dividing brain cells in carcinoma cultures is discussed with respect to the previous studies on adult human brain tissue cultures. It was found that the majority of cells in adult human brain cultures derived from brain biopsies of patients with non-cancer diseases do not express glial markers. Based on the previous studies we suggest that they are glial precursor cells. The high proliferative capacity and non-glial phenotype of these brain cells may lead to the suggestion that they are of cancer origin. In this study the establishment and characterization of a new carcinoma cell line 135-BCA is described. The tissue cultures were derived from brain metastasis of lung large cell carcinoma. The cell line is specific by the epithelial cell morphology and evident cytokeratins expression during the whole subcultivation. All tumor cells were strongly immunoreactive for vimentin and negative stained for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The new cell line may prove of value in biological and therapeutic studies of lung cancer. In addition, the further comparative analysis may reveal the environmental influence of brain tissue on carcinoma cells.