Interleukin (IL)-4/IL-9 and exogenous IL-16 induce IL-16 production by BEAS-2B cells, a bronchial epithelial cell line.

Cellular immunology

PubMedID: 11243696

Yoshida N, Arima M, Cheng G, Eda F, Hirata H, Honda K, Fukushima F, Fukuda T. Interleukin (IL)-4/IL-9 and exogenous IL-16 induce IL-16 production by BEAS-2B cells, a bronchial epithelial cell line. Cell Immunol. 2001;207(2):75-80.
Previous studies have suggested that bronchial epithelial cells may perpetuate airway inflammation. We have reported that the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B can produce interleukin (IL)-16, a potent chemoattractant for CD4+ T cells. IL-16 is thought to regulate airway inflammation in asthmatics. Recent studies showed that IL-4 induces inflammatory cytokines in bronchial epithelial cells and that IL-9 is a candidate gene for development of asthma. The present study demonstrated that BEAS-2B cells produced specifically IL-16 by synergistic effects of IL-4 + IL-16, or IL-9 + IL-16, and that the synthesized IL-16 induced migration of CD4+ T cells. This study is a first report indicating that IL-16 production may be maintained by an autocrine machinery by epithelial cell-derived IL-16 with IL-4 and IL-9 in asthma.