[Determination of cholesterol in lipoprotein fractions by agarose gel electrophoresis].

Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae

PubMedID: 12905830

Yan SK, Ren FQ, Song YH, Lin QS. [Determination of cholesterol in lipoprotein fractions by agarose gel electrophoresis]. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. 2001;23(1):93-6.
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate a single step electrophoresis for quantitative determination of cholesterol of high-, low-, very-low-density lipoprotein(HDL, LDL, VLDL) and fast pre-beta lipoprotein [lipoprotein (a), Lp(a)].

METHODS
Quantification of lipoprotein cholesterol was performed by enzymatic staining of cholesterol in a new agarose gel electrophoresis method that allows the separation of LDL, VLDL, HDL, and Lp(a) by Helena REP system. The results of electrophoresis method were compared with those by traditional method like PTA-Mg2+ precipitation method for HDL-C, PVS precipitation method for LDL-C, and Immunoturbidimetric assay(ITA) method for Lp(a).

RESULTS
Within-runs CV were 5.16%-7.46%, 1.26%-3.28% and 3.78%-5.86% for VLDL-C, LDL-C and HDL-C, respectively. Between-runs CV were 8.35%-11.25%, 2.78%-4.08% and 4.23%-6.36%, respectively. The linearity of this method was up to 10.35 mmol/L total cholesterol. The recoveries were 90.3%, 94.3% and 89.6%, respectively. No interference were observed when bilirubin(< 342 mumol/L), hemoglobin(< 20 g/L) or triglyceride(< 11.0 mmol/L) were added to pooled serum, respectively. There was good agreement between methods, with r = 0.9557 for HDL-C(electrophoresis method vs PTA-Mg2+ precipitation method), r = 0.9609 for LDL-C(electrophoresis method vs PVS precipitation method) and r = 0.9235 for Lp(a)-C (electrophoresis method) vs Lp(a) (ITA method).

CONCLUSIONS
The electrophoresis method offers a simple and inexpensive means of simultaneously measuring HDL-C, VLDL-C, Lp(a)-C and LDL-C.