Prevention of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease by inactivation of T cells in platelet components.

Seminars in hematology

PubMedID: 11727284

Luban NL. Prevention of transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease by inactivation of T cells in platelet components. Semin Hematol. 2001;38(4 Suppl 11):34-45.
Patients with hematological malignancies and infants with congenital immunodeficiencies who received blood are two of many populations at risk for transfusion-associated graft-versus-host disease (TA-GVHD). Of the methodologies (eg, photoinactivation, peglyation, ultraviolet light, and irradiation) that can be used to prevent TA-GVHD, only irradiation of whole blood and cellular components is currently accepted practice of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Among the newer methods that have been developed to reduce the risks of bacterial and viral contaminants of platelet transfusions, photochemical treatment (PCT) using psoralens and long-wavelength ultraviolet (UVA) irradiation modifies bacterial and viral genomes sufficiently to inhibit replication. Among a broad group of compounds, the synthetic psoralen compound amotosalen hydrochloride (HCl) (S-59) has been shown to be particularly effective in inactivating bacteria and viruses, without adversely affecting in vitro and in vivo platelet function.