Comparison of French and Japanese individuals with reference to Hofstede's concepts of Individualism and Masculinity.

Psychological reports

PubMedID: 11783542

Hirokawa K, Dohi I, Vannieuwenhuyse B, Miyata Y. Comparison of French and Japanese individuals with reference to Hofstede's concepts of Individualism and Masculinity. Psychol Rep. 2001;89(2):243-51.
The purpose was to examine whether Japanese individuals were oriented toward collective and masculine values attributed to cultures by Hofstede by comparing them with those of French individuals. There were 110 French participants (54 men, 56 women) and 128 Japanese participants (41 men, 87 women), selected from undergraduate students, employed workers, housewives, and retirees. Their occupational proportion and their ranges of age were balanced in both countries. Scales for Individualism and Masculinity dealt not only with work-related but also general items for workplace, culture, education, and family. Analyses generally showed that the Japanese individuals scored higher on the Masculinity scale and French participants scored higher on the Individualism scale. There was a mean difference between Japanese men and women in how they answered questions about the work-related items concerning Masculinity.