Erythrocyte membrane and cytoskeletal protein glycation and oxidation in short-term diabetic rabbits.

Clinical and experimental medicine

PubMedID: 11918277

Resmi H, Pekçetin C, Güner G. Erythrocyte membrane and cytoskeletal protein glycation and oxidation in short-term diabetic rabbits. Clin Exp Med. 2001;1(4):187-93.
The objective of this study was to elucidate the glycation and oxidation processes in plasma and erythrocyte membrane proteins as well as the major erythrocyte cytoskeletal protein, spectrin, using a short-term experimental rabbit diabetes model. Diabetes was induced with a single-dose alloxan injection. Spectrin was purified from erythrocyte ghosts with selective solubilization followed by gel filtration chromatography techniques, and tested for purity using sodium dodecyl sulfate-poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycation in plasma proteins was measured as fructosamine using the nitroblue tetrazolium method, and in erythrocyte membrane and purified spectrin, as ketoamine equivalents, by the hydrazine/phenylhydrazine method. Protein oxidation in plasma, erythrocyte membrane proteins, and purified spectrin was evaluated in terms of sulfhydryl oxidation, based on cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (II) binding. Carbonyl formation was also measured in plasma and membrane proteins. Sulfhydryl oxidation, carbonyl groups and glycated protein levels showed statistically significant differences between the diabetic and control groups for both the plasma and the erythrocyte membrane proteins. The cis-dichlorodiammine platinum (II) binding was significantly different in diabetic rabbit erythrocyte spectrin, while glycation was not significantly different for this protein. Our data clearly demonstrate that both protein glycation and oxidation are biochemical alterations occurring in diabetes, even of short duration.