Prognostic implications of serial 18-fluoro-deoxyglucose emission tomography in multiple myeloma treated with total therapy 3


Prognostic implications of 3 imaging tools, metastatic bone survey, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography (PET), were evaluated in 2 consecutive Total Therapy 3 trials for newly diagnosed myeloma. Data including PET at baseline and on day 7 of induction as well as standard prognostic factors were available in 302 patients of whom 277 also had gene expression profiling (GEP)-derived risk information. According to multivariate analysis, more than 3 focal lesions on day 7 imparted inferior overall survival and progression-free survival, overall and in the subset with GEP-risk data. GEP high-risk designation retained independent significance for all 3 end points examined. Thus, the presence of > 3 focal lesions on day 7 PET follow-up may be exploited toward early therapy change, especially for the 15% of patients with GEP-defined high-risk disease with a median overall survival expectation of 2 years.