Traumatic Brain Injury: Effects on the Endocrine System

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Traumatic brain injury, also called TBI, is sudden damage to the brain. It happens when the head hits something violently or is hit again and again, or when an object goes through the skull and into the brain. Causes include
  • Falls
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Violence, such as gunshot wounds, child abuse, or beatings
  • Injuries from sports or during combat (such as explosions)