Clathrin-coated lattices and buds on MHC class II compartments do not selectively recruit mature MHC-II.

Journal of cell science

PubMedID: 10633081

Ramm G, Pond L, Watts C, Stoorvogel W. Clathrin-coated lattices and buds on MHC class II compartments do not selectively recruit mature MHC-II. J Cell Sci. 2000;113 Pt 2303-13.
Newly synthesized major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC-II) are transported to MHC-II-containing endosomal and lysosomal compartments (MIICs) for the degradation of associated invariant chain and peptide loading. Subsequently MHC-II is transported to the plasma membrane, in part through direct fusion of MIICs with the plasma membrane. In search of potential alternative pathway(s) we studied the 3-dimensional structure of MIICs and the subcellular distribution of MHC-II by immuno electronmicroscopy on whole-mount preparations and cryosections of Mel JuSo cells. Intracellular MHC-II and invariant chain mainly localized to lamp-1 positive compartments suggesting that the majority of MHC-II exits the endocytic tract at lysosomes. Clathrin-coated lattices and buds were found to be associated with these organelles, but MHC-II was not found to be enriched in the clathrin-coated domains. Moreover, leupeptin, a drug that interferes with Ii-processing and delays delivery of newly synthesized MHC-II to the plasma membrane, was not found to decrease the relative amount of MHC-II in clathrin-coated areas. Together these data indicate clathrin-mediated exit site(s) from lysosomes but suggest that they do not selectively recruit mature MHC-II, consistent with the notion that transport to the plasma membrane occurs independently of the cytoplasmic domains of the MHC-II (&agr;) and (beta) chains.