Relationship of incremental specimen volumes and enhanced detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA with nucleic acid amplification technology.

Journal of clinical microbiology

PubMedID: 10618068

Witt DJ, Kemper M, Stead A, Ginocchio CC, Caliendo AM. Relationship of incremental specimen volumes and enhanced detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA with nucleic acid amplification technology. J Clin Microbiol. 2000;38(1):85-9.
The relationship between specimen input volume and the frequency of reported human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA copy numbers by nucleic acid amplification technology (the NASBA HIV-1 RNA QT system) was investigated. Results obtained with both clinical specimens and dilution panels indicated that both the absolute number of reported results and the reported HIV-1 RNA copy number were directly proportional to the specimen input volumes evaluated (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 ml). Conversion of the reported HIV-1 RNA copy numbers to a constant 1.0-ml volume indicated that the numerical relationship among the specimen input volumes and the HIV-1 RNA copy numbers was multiplicative. The HIV-1 RNA copy numbers reported for the 0.5-ml input volume were approximately 5-fold increased over those reported for the 0.1-ml input volume, and those reported for the 1.0-ml input volume were 10-fold increased over those reported for the 0.1-ml input volume. For the specimen input volumes investigated, a common linear range of 264 to 5,400,000 HIV-1 RNA copies was observed. The use of increased specimen input volumes did not result in a loss of assay specificity, as the results reported for specimens from 50 seronegative blood donors were negative at all three specimen input volumes. In conclusion, an increase in the input volume of specimens analyzed by nucleic acid amplification technology can be useful for the enhanced detection of HIV-1 RNA.