Maize chlorotic mottle machlomovirus expresses its coat protein from a 1.47-kb subgenomic RNA and makes a 0.34-kb subgenomic RNA.

Virology

PubMedID: 10648186

Scheets K. Maize chlorotic mottle machlomovirus expresses its coat protein from a 1.47-kb subgenomic RNA and makes a 0.34-kb subgenomic RNA. Virology. 2000;267(1):90-101.
Analysis of double-stranded RNAs produced in maize plants infected with maize chlorotic mottle machlomovirus (MCMV) and Northern blots of total RNA from infected plants or protoplasts showed two subgenomic RNAs (sgRNAs). Primer extension was used to map these sgRNAs, which are 1.47 and 0.34 kb long. The transcription start sites are nucleotide (nt) 2970 or 2971 for sgRNA1 and nt 4101 for sgRNA2. The 5' ends of the sgRNAs are similar to one another and to the 5' end of genomic RNA, and 11 nt sequences immediately upstream of their transcription start sites are similar. The location of the sgRNA1 transcription start site indicates that MCMV expresses a 7-kDa open reading frame (ORF) from nt 2995 to 3202 instead of the predicted 9-kDa ORF from nt 2959 to 3202. In protoplast inoculation experiments, a silent mutation at nt 2965 and a 4-nt change at nt 2959-2962 stopped the synthesis of sgRNA1 and expression of the coat protein ORF, which begins more than 400 nt downstream. Replication of MCMV does not require the expression of any of the ORFs encoded on sgRNA1. SgRNA2 has the potential to encode 2.3-, 2.7-, and 4. 6-kDa peptides, but the function, if any, of sgRNA2 is unknown.