[Treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with duodenal ulcer: a cost-benefit study].

Revista medica de Chile

PubMedID: 10962853

Rollán A, Giancaspero R, Acevedo C, Fuster F, Hola K. [Treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with duodenal ulcer: a cost-benefit study]. Rev Med Chil. 2000;128(4):367-77.
BACKGROUND
Epidemiological differences suggest that treatments for H. pylori eradication should be locally validated.

AIM
To perform a cost benefit study of different treatment options for H. pylori infection.

PATIENTS AND METHODS
One hundred and sixty-seven patients with active duodenal ulcer and H. pylori infection who completed a 2-week treatment with one of the following regimens were included: famotidine plus amoxycillin plus metronidazole (FAM), omeprazole plus amoxycillin plus tinidazole (OAT) or lansoprazole plus clarithromycin plus amoxycillin in 3 (LAC1) or 2 (LAC2) daily doses. We compared efficacy, adverse effects and cost.

RESULTS
Eradication rate was 74.6, 72.9, 96.4 y 91.7% for FAM, OAT, LAC1 and LAC2 respectively (p < 0.05). Direct cost ranged from US$ 50 for FAM to US$ 220 for LAC1. A decision analysis was carried out in a model including direct and indirect costs and considering retreatment with antibiotics after the first treatment failure and one-year treatment with H2-blockers in case of a second failure. FAM was selected as the most cost-effective option, with an estimated cost of about US$ 300 +/- 148 per patient. However, cost associated to LAC2 was very similar (US$ 320 +/- 58) and the lower standard deviation suggests less variation. Sensitivity analyses, considering reasonable fluctuation in parameters such as eradication rate, cost and follow-up period suggest that a regimen containing a proton pump inhibitor, clarithromycin and amoxycillin may be the most cost-effective treatment.

CONCLUSIONS
These results should be confirmed in other settings, specially in ordinary clinical practice, far from clinical research.