Regulation of adenylyl cyclase, ERK1/2, and CREB by Gz following acute and chronic activation of the delta-opioid receptor.

Journal of neurochemistry

PubMedID: 10737627

Tso PH, Yung LY, Wong YH. Regulation of adenylyl cyclase, ERK1/2, and CREB by Gz following acute and chronic activation of the delta-opioid receptor. J Neurochem. 2000;74(4):1685-93.
Opioid tolerance and physical dependence in mammals can be rapidly induced by chronic exposure to opioid agonists. Recently, opioid receptors have been shown to interact with the pertussis toxin (PTX)-insensitive Gz (a member of the Gi subfamily), which inhibits adenylyl cyclase and stimulates mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Here, we established stable human embryonic kidney 293 cell lines expressing delta-opioid receptors with or without Gz to examine the role of Gz in opioid receptor-regulated signaling systems. Each cell line was acutely or chronically treated with [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE), a delta-selective agonist, in the absence or presence of PTX. Subsequently, the activities of adenylyl cyclase, cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent response element-binding proteins (CREBs), and MAPKs were measured by determining cAMP accumulation and phosphorylation of CREBs and the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERKs) 1 and 2. In cells coexpressing Gz, DPDPE inhibited forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation in a PTX-insensitive manner, but Gz could not replace Gi to mediate adenylyl cyclase supersensitization upon chronic opioid treatment. DPDPE-induced adenylyl cyclase supersensitization was not associated with an increase in the phosphorylation of CREBs. Both Gi and Gz mediated DPDPE-induced activation of ERK1/2, but these responses were abolished by chronic opioid treatment. Collectively, our results show that although Gz mediated opioid-induced inhibition of adenylyl cyclase and activation of ERK1/2, Gz alone was insufficient to mediate opioid-induced adenylyl cyclase supersensitization.