Microgravity mediated changes in phytoferritin accumulation in soybean root cap cells.

Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology

PubMedID: 12697564

Klymchuk DO, Kordyum EL, Vorobyova TV, Brown CS, Chapman DK. Microgravity mediated changes in phytoferritin accumulation in soybean root cap cells. J Gravit Physiol. 2000;7(2):P79-80.
Phytoferritin is an iron-protein complex analogous to the ferritin found in mammalian, bacteria and fungi cells. Phytoferritin molecules are large proteins, about 10.5 nm in diameter, visualised in an electron microscope as discrete, electron dense particles with iron-containing core, where several thousand atoms of iron lie within the proteinaceous shell (apoferritin). In higher plants, a plastid stroma is the site of phytoferritin storage. Phytoferritin is seen in all types of plastids. It is considered to be a mechanism used by cells to store iron in a non-toxic form. Phytoferritin-bound iron may subsequently be used to form iron-containing components. It was shown that low levels of phytoferritin are synthesised in normal green leaves, whereas chlorotic leaves do not have a measurable amount of phytoferritin and leaves of iron-loaded seedlings contain a high level of total iron, and phytoferritin well-filled by iron. Phytoferritin accumulation was observed in photosynthetic inactivity chloroplasts during senescence and disease. In this study we analised the effects of microgravity and ethylene on production of phytoferritin in the root cap columella cells of soybean seedlings.