Interventional pediatric cardiology: device closures.

Indian journal of pediatrics

PubMedID: 10957836

Wilkinson JL. Interventional pediatric cardiology: device closures. Indian J Pediatr. 2000;67(7):507-13.
Surgical treatment of various septal defects has been long established. With the advances in transcatheter therapy dilatation techniques for valvular stenosis and vascular obstruction have become established procedures. Closure of septal defects in the catheterization laboratory has also been introduced; some of these have come into regular use in current practice. In 1967, Porstmann et al reported the use of Ivalon plug to close patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Since then, several devices have been used including Rashkind PDA ocluder (not being used now), Gianturco coils, detachable coils (for small PDA), CardioSEAL and other umbrella devices and Amplatzer PDA occluder. Closure rates vary from 95-98% in most series, however, some of these devices are very expensive, more so, when compared to the cost of surgical ligation of PDA. Catheter closure of secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) has also been done by various devices like clamshell device, Sideris Buttoned device, ASDOS device, Amplatzer device and cardioSEAL. So far no device has been accepted as ideal for every case, however, Amplatzer device has been used most extensively. Issues such as completeness of endothelialisation, incidence of late arrhythmias, endocarditis remain uncertain. However, in select population of ASD cases with a central secundum defect, device closure is being used increasingly. Device closure of ventricular septal defect remains challenging and controversial and is probably available to a small group of children with defects that are difficult to close surgically and involve higher risk.