Complications of photodynamic therapy in gastrointestinal disease.

Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America

PubMedID: 10899259

Wang KK, Nijhawan PK. Complications of photodynamic therapy in gastrointestinal disease. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2000;10(3):487-95.
The primary complications of photodynamic therapy of the esophagus include cutaneous photosensitivity and esophageal strictures. Atrial fibrillation and pleural effusion have been reported but appear to be rare or not clinically significant. Cutaneous photosensitivity can be minimized if the adequate precautions are taken to protect patients from sunlight exposure. Stricture formation may be decreased by proper dosimetry and avoiding multiple overlapping light applications.