Assessment of recombinant human parathyroid hormone: correlation of LC methods with bioassays.

The Analyst

PubMedID: 23324983

Stamm FP, Calegari GZ, de Freitas GW, Souto RB, Porto LP, Cardoso CD, Dalmora SL. Assessment of recombinant human parathyroid hormone: correlation of LC methods with bioassays. Analyst. 2013;138(5):1419-26.
Reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) and size exclusion liquid chromatography (SE-LC) methods were validated for the assessment of recombinant human parathyroid hormone (rhPTH 1-34). The gradient RP-LC method was carried out on a Zorbax 300 SB C(18) column (150 mm × 4.6 mm i.d.), maintained at 40 °C. The mobile phase A consisted of 0.1 M sodium sulphate buffer, pH 2.3, and the mobile phase B was acetonitrile. The SE-LC method was carried out on a BioSep-SEC-S 2000 column (300 mm × 7.8 mm i.d.), maintained at 25 °C. The mobile phase consisted of 0.1 M phosphoric acid buffer, pH 2.5, run isocratically at a flow rate of 0.7 mL min(-1). Chromatographic separation was obtained with retention times of 12.2 min, and 13.2 min, and was linear over the concentration range of 1-250 µg mL(-1) (r(2) = 0.9997) and 2-300 µg mL(-1) (r(2) = 0.9993), respectively, for RP-LC and SE-LC, with photodiode array (PDA) detection at 214 nm. Specificity was established in degradation studies, which also showed that there was no interference of the excipients. Equally, the accuracy was 100.49% and 100.22%, with bias lower than 1.12% and 0.81% respectively. Moreover, the in vitro cytotoxicity test of related proteins and higher molecular weight forms showed significant differences (p < 0.05). Chromatographic methods were applied for the content/potency assessment of rhPTH and related proteins in biopharmaceutical injectable dosage forms, and the results were correlated with those of in vitro and in vivo bioassays. It is concluded that the employment of the methods in conjunction allows a great improvement in monitoring stability, contributing to evaluate alternatives which improve the quality control and thereby assure the therapeutic efficacy of the biotechnology-derived medicine.