Effects of serum lipoproteins on cyclosporine A cellular uptake and renal toxicity in vitro.

Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology

PubMedID: 24502637

Brocks DR, Chaudhary HR, Ben-Eltriki M, Elsherbiny ME, El-Kadi AO. Effects of serum lipoproteins on cyclosporine A cellular uptake and renal toxicity in vitro. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2014;92(2):140-8.
In-vitro studies were performed to shed light on previous findings that showed increased uptake of cyclosporine A in the kidneys and liver of hyperlipidemic rats, and increased signs of kidney toxicity. Hepatocytes were obtained from rats, cultured, and exposed to a diluted serum from hyperlipidemic rats. Some cells were also exposed to lipid-lowering drugs. After washing out the rat serum or lipid-lowering drugs, cells were exposed to cyclosporine A embedded in serum lipoproteins. Pretreatment with hyperlipidemic serum and lipid-lowering drugs was associated with an increased uptake of cyclosporine A. As expected, atorvastatin caused an increase in low density lipoprotein receptor and a decrease in MDR1A mRNA in the hepatocytes. A decrease in NRK-52E rat renal tubular cellular viability caused by cyclosporine A was noted when cells were preincubated with diluted hyperlipidemic serum. This was matched with evidence of hyperlipidemic-serum-associated increases in the NRK-52E cellular uptake of cyclosporine A and rhodamine-123. The findings of these experiments suggested that in hyperlipidemia the expression and (or) the functional activity of P-glycoprotein was diminished, leading to greater hepatic and renal uptake of cyclosporine A, and renal cellular toxicity.