Enhancing the immunogenicity of exogenous hepatitis B surface antigen-based vaccines for MHC-I-restricted T cells.

Biological chemistry

PubMedID: 10223330

Schirmbeck R, Reimann J. Enhancing the immunogenicity of exogenous hepatitis B surface antigen-based vaccines for MHC-I-restricted T cells. Biol Chem. 1999;380(3):285-91.
Vaccination with either exogenous hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) lipoprotein particles without adjuvants, or plasmid DNA encoding secreted small HBsAg stimulate long-lasting, potent antibody responses in H-2d (BALB/c) and C57Bl/6 (H-2b) mice. Vaccination with exogenous HBsAg primes MHC-I restricted cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses to HBsAg in H-2d but not H-2b mice, while DNA vaccination primes HBsAg-specific CTL responses in both mouse strains. We defined vaccination strategies that could elicit CTL responses to exogenous HBsAg in 'low responder' C57Bl/6 mice. We found that the bacterial plasmid DNA itself, synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides containing immunostimulating sequences, or recombinant Th1 cytokines (IL12, IFNgamma) efficiently support priming of CTL responses to exogenous HBsAg in 'low responder' H-2b mice, but have only minor effects on CTL priming in 'high responder' H-2d mice in the high dose range tested. These molecularly well defined adjuvants can thus efficiently support priming of anti-viral T cell responses under 'low responder' conditions.